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Ceramic tile is becoming more and more popular. The durability and ease of maintenance makes it perfect for families on the go. You can get tile in an array of shapes and patterns. Tile is an environmentally safe and natural choice of flooring. Ceramic tile contains raw materials that come from the earth, including the colors of the glaze.
Ceramic tile- A mixture of clays, which have been shaped and fired at high temperatures resulting in a hard body that may then be left untreated or, it may receive a glazed wear layer. Ceramic tile is nothing more than a beautiful piece of clay.
About the Glaze
About the Clay Body
Various Popular Tiles
P.E.I. (Wear Rating)- A guide most manufacturers use to rate the durability of each tile. The ratings are as follows:
Group I Tiles suitable only for residential bathrooms with light foot traffic. Not recommended for the floor. Wall tiles generally fall into this group.
Group II Tiles suitable for general residential traffic, except kitchens, entrance, halls, and other areas subjected to continuous heavy use.
Group III Tile suitable for all residential with normal foot traffic and light commercial areas such as offices, reception areas, and boutiques.
Group IV Tiles suitable for light institutional and medium commercial applications such as restaurants, hotels, hospital lobbies, and corridors.
Group V Tiles suitable for heavy traffic (i.e. airports, food service, shopping centers) and sometimes exterior areas (i.e. building entrances, around swimming pools).
*Important: The wear rating of a tile refers to the durability, and not so much the quality or price. Some of the most expensive and luxurious tiles around only rate a I or II.
MOHS- Establishes the tiles ability to resist visible scratches to know minerals. Simply an attempt is made to scratch the surface and bisque of the tested tile using MOHS testing kit. The kit has 10 minerals of gradually harder mineral points ranging from Talc #1 (softest) to Diamond #10 (hardest). The higher the MOHS scale number the harder the surface or bisque.
Benefits of Ceramic Tile